The Netherlands lodged an inter-state complaint against Russia in the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) due to its contribution in the downing of a Malaysian Airlines flight six years ago.
Flight MH17 was en route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur in July 2014 when it collided in Eastern Ukraine; all 298 passengers and crew on board were killed, 193 of whom were Dutch citizens. Dutch prosecutors made headway to launch a war crimes investigation, as the crash happened during a political and military crisis between Russia and Ukraine. It is believed the airliner was shot down by a Buk surface-to-air missile. Russia has disagreed any collaboration in the crash, progressing as to veto a UN Security Council resolution that would have generated an independent tribunal to litigate those involved in the crash .
Article 33 of the European Convention on Human Rights furnishes that any High Contracting Party may mention to the Court any alleged violation of the provisions of the Convention and the Protocols thereto by another High Contracting Party. On the implementation Article 33, the Netherlands is apportioning all their information regarding the downing of MH-17 with the Court, and it permits the Netherlands to support the cases brought by closely against Russia. The adjacent cases allege that Russia was either directly or indirectly responsible for the downing of the airliner as well as failed to scrutinize the crash or cooperate with international investigations effectively.

Russia persists to deny any sort of contribution in the crash, and Russia’s foreign minister Maria Zakharova referred to the inter-state complaint as yet another hit to Russia-Netherlands relations. Netherlands foreign minister Stef Blok contended that accomplishing justice for 298 victims of the downing of Flight MH17 is and will remain the government’s highest priority.The Netherlands’ government maintains that all legal remedies are on the table.